There are various ways in which you can create a new file in Java. In this article, I’ve outlined the two most recommended way of creating new files.

You can use Files.createFile(path) method to create a new File in Java:

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.FileAlreadyExistsException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

public class CreateNewFile {

    public static void main(String[] args)  {
        // New file path
        Path filePath = Paths.get("./bar.txt");

        try {
            // Create a file at the specified file path
            Files.createFile(filePath);
            System.out.println("File created successfully!");

        } catch (FileAlreadyExistsException e) {
            System.out.println("File already exists");
        } catch (IOException e) {
            System.out.println("An I/O error occurred: " + e.getMessage());
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            System.out.println("No permission to create file: " + e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}

Create New File with missing parent directories using Java NIO

There are scenarios in which you may want to create any missing parent directories while creating a File. You can use Files.createDirectories(path) function to create missing parent directories before creating the file.

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.FileAlreadyExistsException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

public class CreateNewFile {

    public static void main(String[] args)  {
        // New file path
        Path filePath = Paths.get("java/io/bar.txt");

        try {
            // Create missing parent directories
            if(filePath.getParent() != null) {
                Files.createDirectories(filePath.getParent());
            }

            // Create a file at the specified file path
            Files.createFile(filePath);
            System.out.println("File created successfully!");

        } catch (FileAlreadyExistsException e) {
            System.out.println("File already exists");
        } catch (IOException e) {
            System.out.println("An I/O error occurred: " + e.getMessage());
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            System.out.println("No permission to create file: " + e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}

Create New File in Java using java.io.File class - JDK 6+

You can also use the File.createNewFile() method to create a new File in Java. It returns a boolean value which is -

  • true, if the file does not exist and was created successfully
  • false, if the file already exists
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

public class CreateNewFile {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Instantiate a File object with a file path
        File file = new File("./foo.txt");

        try {
            // Create the file in the filesystem
            boolean success = file.createNewFile();

            if (success) {
                System.out.println("File created successfully!");
            } else {
                System.out.println("File already exists!");
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            System.out.println("An I/O error occurred: " + e.getMessage());
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            System.out.println("No sufficient permission to create file: " + e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}

Create New File along with missing parent directories with java.io.File class

If you want to create missing parent directories while creating a file, then you can explicitly creaate the directories by calling file.getParentFile().mkdirs() method:

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

public class CreateNewFile {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Instantiate a File object with a file path
        File file = new File("java/io/foo.txt");

        try {
            // Create missing parent directories
            if(file.getParentFile() != null) {
                file.getParentFile().mkdirs();
            }

            // Create the file
            boolean success = file.createNewFile();

            if (success) {
                System.out.println("File created successfully!");
            } else {
                System.out.println("File already exists!");
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            System.out.println("An I/O error occurred: " + e.getMessage());
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            System.out.println("No sufficient permission to create file: " + e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}